Stakewise has a unique rewards mechanism that incentivizes liquidity in their Uniswap V3 pools. Of interest is the SETH2/WETH pool that serves as the main liquidity center for their liquid staked ETH derivative.
Using a similar formula to Uniswap v3 fee calculations, emissions are streamed to LPs who have liquidity in range. Tighter liquidity ranges get more rewards using Uni v3’s quadratic formula for fees.
SWISE rewards have been some of the most generous among the staked ETH options.
Large sells in June lead to a depressed price of SETH2, pushing most of the liquidity out of range. This lead to a large spike in rewards for the liquidity that was still in range.
First week after price decrease saw LP aprs over 100%. Whales quickly adjusted their strategies and moved to the optimal or close-to-optimal LP range in order to maximize their APR. In practice that meant LPing mostly ETH in a tight range between the tick below current price and the tick above current price. We looked in to other positions (view all positions here, and plug addresses in to the Watch Address section of Stakewise site).
A good example is analytico.eth who entered with a 97% ETH position at the end of June. This position is earning 38% as of writing.
We can see that most of the largest LPs are running a flavor of this max-rewards strategy and therefore currently earning between 20-40% apr. Even the largest LP 0xe20 with a conservative low tick of .976 is earning 14% as of writing.
This is an attractive farming set up, as SWISE yield is claimable daily, APRs were as high as 100% early on, and the position is mostly ETH. Inventory risk and impermanent loss risk are comparable to LPing in any of the other liquid staked ETH. SETH2 price has also performed better that the others.
With the points above, it is likely that Stakewise is overpaying for liquidity at the moment. A high-level comparison of LP rewards for stETH and rETH:
- stETH: ~6% on convex, ~10% on Balancer, projected 33% on Aura
- rETH: 2% on convex, 2% on balancer
So Stakewise is offering the highest rewards. It also comes without the additional contract risk of Convex or Aura. Those two platforms also add their native token to boost the yield. Stakwise by contrast is paying just SWISE at an industry-leading yield for holding mostly ETH in a vanilla Uni v3 position. Quite lucrative all things considered.
We estimate that an emissions cut of 50% would still represent attractive yield for narrow-range LPs while reducing dilution and SWISE concentration in a small number of whale wallets. Most of these LPs were previously LPing for 10-15% SWISE rewards before the SETH2 price dropped. We can expect that they will continue to LP for a similar yield. Therefore it would make sense for Stakewise to reduce emissions in the short term. It would also make sense to formalize a target liquidity amount and APR that can be use to adjust rewards going forward. This way if liquidity providers start to exit, rewards can be adjusted accordingly.
It would make sense to have some community discussion on these points and use it as a base for the July rewards proposal.